Sunday, August 23, 2020

Inclusive Education in UK Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words

Comprehensive Education in UK - Essay Example (Mitchell, 2005) A few thinkers contend that incorporation is the demonstration of welcoming others in or coordinating others into the standard. (Asante, 1996). This reason originates from the way that a few people in the public eye have consistently been dealt with unreasonably. Society has been generally vile to specific classes of people. These incorporate racial minorities, impediment and others. Defenders of such a definition guarantee, that individuals who have been sidelined in the past should be 'welcomed in'. One can along these lines stretch out this meaning of consideration to the field of instruction where comprehensive training might be characterized as a type of training that encourages incorporating the individuals who have been ignored in the past 'in'. In any case, one can't resist the opportunity to see a portion of the escape clauses that rise up out of such a definition. Above all else, who has a privilege to welcome others in Additionally one ought to look at what are the reasons for avoidance previously. It ought to be comprehended that all people have equivalent rights in training. No single individual ought to have the high ground to choose another's destiny. (Hanson, et al, 1998) A progressively satisfactory perspective on instruction ought to incorporate the affirmation of the way that every single person are brought into the world equivalent and that society is given the obligation of supporting the individuals who have uncommon requirements. The Center for Studies on Inclusive Education thought of an increasingly exhaustive meaning of comprehensive instruction. They express that comprehensive instruction alludes to consideration of all way of youngsters in schools (secondary school, colleges, universities and preschool) paying little mind to their inabilities gave they are given all the help they require. They attest that consideration ought to envelop the network and life by and large. It includes the affirmation of the way that a few understudies or understudies may require more help. The help ought to be given by various partners extending from nearby governments, instruction offices and training supports among others. In any case, there is a need to adjust this sort of definition since it does exclude the component of congruity. (Lieber et al, 1998) The most satisfactory and complete definition was advanced by CSIE, after two years. They portrayed comprehensive instruction as the persistent procedure of remembering understudies for standard homerooms, the network and nearby culture. It additionally includes diminishing the degree of rejection in the last referenced domains. It likewise includes the end or decrease of hindrances in instruction and investment. It ought to be noticed that this definition is increasingly powerful and features the way that schools/networks can't receive consideration short-term. This is something that bit by bit changes with time. It ought to likewise be noticed that this definition dodges the utilization of incorporation and accentuates consideration. The explanation behind this is incorporation will in general infer that a few people are more equivalent than others and that the previous reserve an option to 'coordinate' others into their own frameworks. Focal points and hindrances of comprehensive training Focal points Comprehensive training is more useful than it is unfavorable. Indeed, even reactions named against comprehensive training are just founded on the way that the program was not actualized appropriately. On the off chance that it is actualized in the correct manner, at that point comprehensive

Friday, August 21, 2020

Analysis Of Wordsworths Resolution And Independence English Literature Essay

Examination Of Wordsworths Resolution And Independence English Literature Essay The artist builds up in the initial two verses the temperament of nature when he went on the field. The strained can be befuddling. Wordsworth starts in the basic past, however the past serves here the employments of the present in the feeling of dynamic memory of feeling in present serenity. The BUT toward the start of refrain four presents the complexity that exists between the delight of nature and the disheartening of the writer. The time that he reviews was one of a rising sun, quiet and splendid, singing fowls in the far off woods, the wonderful clamor of waters noticeable all around, the world overflowing with everything that adoration the sun, the grass jeweled with downpour drops, the rabbit running is his happiness. Be that as it may, the writers morning is one subjectivity of downfall; on toward the beginning of today did fears and likes happen upon him abundantly. Amidst the sky-warbler chattering in the sky, he compares himself unto the energetic rabbit; even such a glad offspring of earth am I/even as these euphoric animals do I admission;/a long way from the world I walk, and from all care㠢â‚ ¬Ã¢ ¦. This is the euphoric side of his life. Yet, amidst the delight, he thinks about that other sort of day that may come to him, that day of isolation, agony of heart, trouble, and destitution. In refrain 6 he reviews how his life has been as a late spring, state of mind, how the food of life in the entirety of its sustaining varieties has come to him so unwarrantedly. Be that as it may, at that point he thinks additionally about the likelihood that it won't proceed so for one who takes no pragmatic idea for his own consideration and keep. The inquiry is, to what extent will nature keep on offering unreservedly to one who doesn't with tireless duty gather grain for the earn of future days: yet by what means can He [ for this situation the writer himself] expect that others ought to/Blind for him, sow for him, and at his call/Love him; who for himsel f will take no notice by any stretch of the imagination? the artist considers himself artist, one blessed with his own favored, upbeat spot throughout everyday life, there rings a bell the names of Thomas Chatteron and Robert Burns, writers in the English convention that Wordsworth would respect. The affiliation that he makes of himself with them is at very much the same time euphoric and fast approaching: we writers in our utilization start in joy;/however thereof come at long last depression and frenzy. The general delight of the writers life is pondered in scope of potential distress. The start of verse 8 denotes a defining moment in the sonnet. From this crossroads as far as possible, the writer will tell how he realized what we find in the title, goals and freedom, and he gains fundamentally from a drifter, a man who has stayed alive on the social affair of parasites, a man who is currently a hobo. As the artist ponders life and battles with all their discouraging proposals, he meets in a beautiful spot adjacent to a pool uncovered to the eye of paradise, a single man, the writer says the most seasoned man he appeared that at any point wore silver hairs. The artist deciphers his gathering with him to be verily an endowment of Devine Grace. Refrain nine is Wordsworths long likeness for the old lone. The reason for the comparison is to portray the bloodsucker gatherer as alive however nearly not alive. Wordsworth analyzes him to a tremendous stone㠢â‚ ¬Ã¢ ¦/framed on the uncovered top of a distinction, and to an ocean mammoth crept forward through utilizing t he ocean brute as comparison for the stone. The elderly person is basically one with the scene in the midst of which he sits; he has practically gotten one with nature: still as a cloud the elderly person stood,/that hearth not the boisterous breezes when they call㠢â‚ ¬Ã¢ ¦. The experience uncovers to the artist a man of extraordinary age, bowed twofold, feet and head/meeting up in lifes pilgrimage㠢â‚ ¬Ã¢ ¦. He looks as though he may be made rigid in his twisted stance by the tight strain of some past torment, fury, or affliction. The writer is imagining him as practically extraordinary, at any rate some way or another past the standard extent of human experience: he appeared to shoulder a more than human weight㠢â‚ ¬Ã¢ ¦. In verses 12-15, the elderly person at long last moves. The artist sees him mix the waters by which he stands and afterward looks with fixed investigation into the lake, which he conned ,/as though he had been perusing in a book㠢â‚ ¬Ã¢ ¦. The artist welcomes him, and the elderly person makes a delicate answer, in obliging discourse which forward he gradually drew㠢â‚ ¬Ã¢ ¦. Wordsworth utilizes the entire of refrain fourteen to depict his discourse, elevated expression, impressive discourse. In lines 88 and 89, the artist asks him what his occupation is, and recommends that the spot where he stays might be unreasonably forlorn for such an individual as he. The elderly person distinguishes his work as bloodsucker assembling; this is the reason he is in such a forlorn spot. He should, being old and poor, discovers his resource here, however the work might be perilous and wearisome. He relies upon Gods Providence to assist him with discovering dwelling. In any case, taking all things together, he can be certain that he increases a genuine upkeep, anyway much he may need to wander from lake to pond㠢â‚ ¬Ã¢ ¦ from field to secure. In lines106-119, the artists reactions to the old bloodsucker gatherer are told. While the elderly person had been addressing his inquiry regarding work and position in so forlorn a setting, the artist gets consumed in the odd parts of him who talks. He loses the detail of answer the bloodsucker gatherer is making; he can't isolate his words one from another. Lines 109-112 contain the embodiment of the writers explanation of his emotions. They ought to be perused cautiously and contrasted with different entries in Wordsworths verse where he endeavors to offer voice to encounter that is extremely near magical assimilation. See here that the artist winds up retained in the being of the lone: Furthermore, the entire body of the man seemed Like one whom I had met with in a fantasy; Or then again like a man from some far area sent, To invigorate me human, by well-suited advice. Yet, the writers sadness returns. He reconsiders the substantial musings of dread, of safe, obstinate, cold, torment, and work, and every single physical sick, and of those writers who have been strong, however who have kicked the bucket in hopelessness. He longs to discover some message of solidarity and expectation in the bloodsucker accumulates words, so he asks once more, how could it be that you live, and what is it you do? In lines120-126, the bloodsucker gatherer rehashes the idea of his work, however he includes that though he once could assemble the object of his industry effectively, he now as a result of the developing shortage of parasites must travel all the more widely still he continues on. In lines127-133, the artist relates a greater amount of his private, implicit reaction to the elderly person. Against it happens that his brain meanders, as in refrain 16, while the bloodsucker gatherer is addressing his inquiry. The writer pictures him as significantly more a lone than he is in his current express; the artists creative mind taking a shot at the figure before him makes of the meandering lone practically an extraordinary being, quiet and unceasing: In my brains eye (the artist avows) I appeared to see him pace/About the tired fields constantly,/meandering about alone and quietly. The artist is upset by his own creative reactions to the Man before him, however not pained from an awful perspective. This is the service of dread that we find so frequently in Wordsworths work. In lines 134-140, the bloodsucker gatherers goals and autonomy is clear to the writer in the manner he moves from monetarily unstable condition to increasingly chipper articulations. The elderly person before the artist is clearly an individual of firm psyche, anyway ghastly he may in appearance appear. He stays amidst whatever disaster the general public of man or disconnection with the uncovered components bearing him, an individual of kind aura and impressive bearing. The writer thinks about himself to the bloodsucker gatherer and hates himself for his sadness. He brings the elderly person into his memory as an another point for future days and asks that God will assist him with preserving what he has realized: God, said I, be my assistance and remain secure; Ill think about the bloodsucker gatherer on the desolate field! As proposed in different places in this investigation, the greater part of Wordsworths solitaries live as a piece of the nature in which they move. There is the impact in this sonnet of the bloodsucker gatherer going all through nature; the artist is for a period mindful of him as an individual facing him eye to eye, yet then he puts some distance between him, as though he had mixed go into the nature out of which he had quickly ventured. One may gainfully look at refrain sixteen, where Wordsworth talks about the parasite gatherer as coming to him as though out of dream, which the Simplon Pass scene in Book Sixth of The Prelude. About line 600 of that book Wordsworth talks about an inventive involvement with the accompanying terms: in such quality of usurpation, when the light of sense Goes out, yet with a glimmer that has uncovered The imperceptible world, doth significance make house, There harbours㠢â‚ ¬Ã¢ ¦ . Wordsworths light of sense close to going out at any rate twice while he is conversing with the parasite gatherer. One may likewise strangely contrast Wordsworths reactions with the vision on Mount Snowdon in Book Fourteenth of The Prelude with his encounters while conversing with the elderly person he met on the fields. He surely plans for the peruser to be intrigued with the parasite gatherers emphasis on endurance, endurance that comes to him, we feel, to extraordinary degree on account of a sheer demonstration of will. Once more, similarly as with a significant number of Wordsworths solitaries, fearlessness is introduced likewise with a significant number of Wordsworths solitaries, boldness is introduced as the ability to persevere. There is a prominent contrast, nonetheless, between the fortitude of Michael and the boldness of the bloodsucker gatherer; failing to be certain he will discover them, as she has been to Michael, who, however his ranch is in the end lost after his pas sing to proprietors outside his family, can live the aggregate of his years ashore that has been made his been own. Michael draws persistent food more from his own profound wells of steady backbone.

Monday, July 6, 2020

Convection Examples

Convection Examples Convection Convection is the transfer of heat by circulating it through air or liquids. Unlike conduction, in which there must be direct or indirect contact between the two objects for heat transfer to take place, convection relies on the circulating motion of the molecules in order to transfer heat. Also unlike conduction, which relies on microscopic movement of particles to transfer heat, convection is a bulk transfer of a lot of mass at the same time. Like conduction, though, the heat transfer in convection moves from the hotter area to the colder one. Examples of Convection: 1. Heating Water on the Stove When a pot of water is placed on a stove and the stove is turned on, the pan itself becomes increasingly hotter due to conduction; that's where the metal of the pot is directly in contact with the heating element. But the water inside the pot is heated due to convection. As the water at the bottom of the pot (touching the increasingly hotter metal) rises, it transfers heat to the water above it. The cold water is pushed downward towards the hot bottom of the pot due to convection currents, and the process continues. 2. A Hot Air Balloon Hot air balloons rise due to the propensity of warmer air to be less dense than the air around it. A heat source at the bottom of the balloon heats the air molecules around the flame, and those molecules rise. Warmer air is less dense than cold air, so as the warm air rises the molecules spread out. The cold air is pushed downward, where it is also heated. The swirling movement of the warmer air as it rises continues to increase the temperature of the air around it. 3. Warm Weather and Bodies of Water Weather is largely affected by convection, as air creates breezes over land masses located next to large bodies of water like lakes or oceans. Water has a higher heat capacity than earth, so it holds its heat better. That means it also takes longer to change the water's temperature in either direction. At daytime, the air over the body of water will be a lower temperature than the air over land, creating a low pressure area over the land and a higher pressure area over the water. This movement of air molecules from one pressure system and temperature to the other causes breezes to blow from water to land, altering the temperature. The opposite scenario occurs at night when the sun goes down and the water cools off more slowly than the land. 4. Dinner Preparation If meat is still frozen when it's time to start cooking, it will thaw more quickly when placed under running water than if it is immersed in water. The reason is the convection, or movement of the water and its heat circulation, will transfer heat more quickly into the frozen meat than if the meat sits immersed in water and has to absorb heat energy through conduction. 5. The Earth's Convection The Earth's mantle moves very slowly due to the convection currents beneath the surface. These currents transfer heat from the Earth's hot core, sending them up to the surface. The swirling currents cause the tectonic plates to move very gradually around the planet's surface. At the same time, new hot matteradheres to the growing edges of the plates, and then it cools. The material becomes denserwhen the heat causes it to contract and sink back into the mantle at an ocean trench, causing the formation of a volcano.

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

The Movie Exhibition Industry 2011 - 1172 Words

Business Strategy 491BMAL November 10, 2013 The Movie Exhibition Industry: 2011 What can exhibitors do to improve their performance? To reverse the downward trends in attendance? To improve their profitability at a time when the studios, relying on the box office more than ever, are increasingly looking internationally? Let’s start with a SWOT analysis of the local exhibitor: SWOT Analysis Strengths * Offer a product that is still relatively affordable for families and patrons * Product offers an â€Å"escape from reality† for consumers in a recessive economy * The â€Å"big screen† experience still cannot be duplicated at home * High profit margins on concessions and advertising * Lower cost digital versions of movies†¦show more content†¦They could also offer package deals to families that would include tickets and a preset concession value or product. This would grow the adult demographic of parents who have small children that want to see the latest kids release and be guaranteed concession sales for that group of consumers. Another opportunity for theatre owners is to look at alternative uses for their facilities. The overhead costs of the facility are fixed but could be offset by renting spaces during off-peak hours for events such as business conferences or school events. They could also use their screens to show things other than major motion-picture releases. With digital equipment I’m sure there would be a way to contract with major networks and cable providers to show popular television series finales. The audiences of these series are hardcore fans. They could market the allure of a big-screen and the opportunity to experience the show with other fans. For example the audience for shows like The Walking Dead, Homeland, and many other popular shows is a huge market. Often these shows air on nights that theatres have low attendance. They could market it with discounts offered for customers who come in costume. Another product modification could be the ticket pricing set up. Perhaps they could lower the price of movies after they haveShow MoreRelatedThe Movie Exhibition Industry: 2011 Essay1196 Words   |  5 PagesMGMT-780-623 - Week 3 Assignment The Movie Exhibition Industry: 2011 SWOT Analysis Strengths Internal – new digital technology with 3D optional feature, buildings (whether rented or owned) are large (most are multi and megaplex style) External – leverage in both the concession industry and the distribution industry Weaknesses Internal – rely on concessions and advertisements, concession pricing, experience largely the same as every competitor External – content, consumer income, marketingRead MoreFilm and Movie Industry1612 Words   |  7 Pages2013 The Movie Industry in 2008 (Case A amp; B) MBA Student: Waseem Hasan Ismail Submit to: TAGSB Administration 27 February 2013 Table of Contents Introduction 3 The Movie Industry in 2008 (Case A) 4 PESTEL Analysis – External Environmental 4 Porter’s five Analysis 4 Profitability Model for movie theaters 4 Key strategic issues facing movie theaters 4 Strategic actions that exhibitions might consider 4 The Movie Industry in 2008 (Case B) 4 Outlook for the movie industry improvedRead MoreCase Study Movie Exhibition Industry Essay1529 Words   |  7 PagesStrategic Analysis of Movie Exhibition Industry By: Kim Saline February 24, 2010 Objective: To provide an analysis and make recommendations to increase revenue in the movie exhibition industry. 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Television plays an increasingly important role in film exhibition thanks to the emergence alongside traditional broadcast channels financed by advertising and/or license fees, of encoded channels for which a charge is made and whose arrival has been made possible by the development of cable andRead MoreThe Effect Of Convergence On The Cinema Industry1459 Words   |  6 PagesINTRODUCTION: The cinema industry was the premier industrialized form of mass entertainment to be introduced to the world by mankind. Back in the earliest years of the 20th century, going to a theatre was considered an elite thing. It’s growth sprouted across the western countries as the most rapidly increasing profitable industry, even during the war times (Wright, 2012). For more than a century, it has served as a social hub. As we entered into the modern era, the cinema industry had to adhere withRead MoreHistory of Film Exhibition Prior to 19272673 Words   |  11 Pagesstage), movie exhibition in the United States was still growing into the massive industry it represents today, and it reflected in the films being produced. By examining the history of film exhibition prior to 1927 in general, and the experiences of Denver and New York in particular, it will be possible to understand how the mediums nearly thirty-year existence prior to sound was characterized by a chaotic, open-ended exhibition system that nevertheless predicts the gradual takeover of exhibition byRead MoreImpact Of Digital Media On Cinema1690 Words   |  7 Pagesand distribution (Bolin 2007; Tryon 2009; Dixon Foster 2011). These changes can be observed through the ways films are promoted and exhibited have also been affected by the use of digital media. The following sections will provide a detail analysis of these changes. Tryon (2009) examines the transformation of cinema to the digital form. The proliferation of new portable technologies sparked the debates about the changes in the film industry. On the one hand, there are concerns that digital mediaRead MoreThe Indian Film Industry2071 Words   |  9 PagesThe Indian Film industry is largely a commercial industry with no state subsidies being provided. India is currently the world’s largest producer of films producing more than a 1000 films annually in 52 languages, selling more than 3.7 billion tickets worldwide and having over 400 production houses situated locally. 1288 films were released in India in 2009 (Central Board of Film Certification 6), compared to the USA, which released slightly more than half of India’s figure at 677 films (EuropeanRead MoreOverview of the Australian Film Industry1403 Words   |  6 PagesAustralian Film Industry 1 Era before World War I Australian film industry had good and bad times or boom and bust (Stratton, 1990) in period of last 100 years and that is why it can be called a fragile industry. If we look at the history, era before 1914, we find out that Australia was counted as one of the biggest film making countries of the world. This Australian film industry took the honor of being first to produce worlds first feature film in 1906, The Story of the Kelly Gang. TheRead MoreMovie Exhibition 2013 Avengers6511 Words   |  27 Pagesposition in this industry? Support your answer by conducting PESTEL and Five-Forces Analyses. †¢ How could a company operating in this industry react to the identified challenges? †¢ How does the structure of the industry affects profits? The Movie Exhibition Industry 2013 IT IS APT that 2012’s top-grossing ï ¬ lm was The Avengers, because movie studios and exhibitors sought to avenge a dismal prior year at the box ofï ¬ ce. Domestic box ofï ¬ ce receipts climbed 6 percent from 2011 to a record—setting

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Tanf Helping Or Hurting Milwaukee Families - 1715 Words

Quinn Casey 11/20/16 Urban Politics Professor Miller City Project Research TANF: Helping or Hurting Milwaukee Families? Poverty has been a problem in Milwaukee, Wisconsin for years. The introduction of TANF seemed to be a hopeful new start for families in need, but what has TANF really instituted and accomplished? After years of a system of welfare â€Å"recipients† gaining cash assistance from the government, the new system was meant to inspire welfare â€Å"participants† to actively work in order to earn their cash assistance. While TANF has been implemented across the country, it’s effect on Milwaukee has yet to show any great significance. Temporary Assistance to Needy Families is simply a reformation of the welfare system with stringent work requirements, yet lacking the employment opportunities and resources necessary to accomplish its broad range of goals, ultimately to the disadvantage of those dependent on it. America had seen very little welfare reform for almost 60 years prior to the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) in 1996. This ended the previous welfare system, Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) and created the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) program. Instead of simple cash assistance, the TANF block grant requires specific work hours in order to receive money. Under this system, each state is responsible for its own implementation of welfare programs. Wisconsin’s system is called â€Å"Wisconsin

Cognitive Dissonance free essay sample

Discusses the social psychological theory of cognitive dissonance. Identifies choice, insufficient justification, effort justification and contradictory information as the four primary causes of dissonance. From the time an individual is young, he or she is taught that if a person is good, has strong values, beliefs, and morals that life will turn out all right. Good things happen to good people. On the flipside, if a person lives a lazy and immoral life, there will be consequences. Bad things happen to bad people. Religious groups teach people that we reap what we sow. However, during tough economic times, situations may arise that lead a person to question his or her morals and values. During times of stress, a person will sometimes stray from his or her beliefs and values to reach a desired outcome. There are many stories where a person compromises his or her moral beliefs and engage in behavior that is against his or her moral character. We will write a custom essay sample on Cognitive Dissonance or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Here is one of them. A woman named Mary was an unmarried mother of two children, a 10 month old son and a two year old daughter. Mary has just lost her job because of a lay off within her company due to the declining economy. Mary is feeling more stressed trying to look for work with few companies even accepting resumes. Marys electricity in the apartment has been turned off due to non-payment, and she is also two months past due on her rent. As a result from the added stress Mary is under, she considers demonstrating certain immoral behaviors to help cut her lights back on and gain extra money for her children. Mary believes that because of the added stress and the inability to provide for her children, it would be okay to break a few moral codes she abides by in order to provide for her family.

Tuesday, April 21, 2020

ZINN chapter Essay Example

ZINN chapter Essay Today the United States must still be the alpha dog, greater than all other countries but it isnt about who has the larger club its about who has he bigger weapon. If you asked people on the streets if they thought violence was appropriate for achieving things most would say no unless it was absolutely necessary. This is idea has been instilled in us for many years. We are taught not to use violence unless its needed but what if we were taught that violence is never needed? Maybe our politicians wouldnt send millions to people to die in wars that are necessary, maybe there would be billions of dollars left over to educate our children, create jobs, and clean our planet. Politicians have been using this concept for years by telling us that it is accessory to kill millions of people in war and it is necessary for billions of dollars to be spent on weapons. Not many people have questioned authority and plead for justice and if they had not very many of us have heard of it, Chapter I I is ultimately about achieving justice without massive violence using dissent. We will write a custom essay sample on ZINN chapter specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on ZINN chapter specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on ZINN chapter specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer P-1) Dissent is the ultimate power. P. 2) Nonviolent direct action is an example of dissent. Therefore, nonviolent direct action is the ultimate power The argument is valid; premise 2 is acceptable because many protesters use nonviolent direct action to express their dissent. Premises is also valid because the whole book is about dissent being the ultimate power. Overall, the argument is sound. Nonviolent direct action is more powerful than nonviolence, on page 289 Zion uses an example of Dry. Martin Luther King Jar. Being praised by many political leaders for his nonviolence. These same leaders are the ones who have done violent acts to other people and countries. The difference between nonviolence alone and nonviolent direct action is that nonviolent direct action is about striking at injustice immediate rather than waiting and being passive. Direct action does not deride using he political rights, the civil liberties, even the voting mechanisms in those societies where they are available( as in the United States), but it recognize the limitations of those controlled rights and goes beyond. (Passionate Declarations, 289). Zion tells that freedom and justice have been excuses if violence but are still our goals; however, we must achieve them in different ways than we did in the past. Zion starts Chapter 2: Machiavellian Realism and U. S. Foreign Policy: Me and Ends, with an example of direct action being used over 500 years ago. Is the story of a monk in Florence named Savonarola who was hanged for reaching the belief that people could be guided by their natural reason. Since his beliefs threatened the importance of the Church fathers, Savonarola was arrested and tortured for ten days before he gave them a confession. The monk was sentenced to death and was hanged, stoned, and burned in front of the public. Machiavelli refers to Savonarola and says, Thus it corn about that all armed prophets have conquered and unarmed ones failed. Political ideas are centered on the issue of ends (what kind of society do M want? ) and means (How will we get it? ). Today people can express views the hearten the importance of our leaders without such drastic consequences but many do not. There is widespread fear that if people speak against government and war that they are unpatriotic or worse, terrorists. Freedom and justice are the most patriotic ideas there are and they are not attained bombing innocent civilians or having bigger, better weapons; they are attained by recognizing and speaking against the injustices of the world. Another example of dissent being used is in Chapter 8: Free Speech, on page 189 Zion shows the reader a false analogy made by Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes. In 191 7 The Espionage Act was written and months later a man named Charles Science was arrested, tried, and found guilty for violating the Espionage Act. Science had been handing out leaflet in Philadelphia denouncing the draft and the war. Science appealed his ca on the grounds that Congress shall make no law.. Holmes responded WI this statement: The most stringent protection of free speech would not protect a man in falsely shouting fire in a theatre and causing a panic The question in every case is whether the words used are used in such resistances and are of such a nature as to create a clear and present danger that they will bring about the substantive evils that Congress has a right to prevent. This statement was accurate; however, is shouting Fire! same as handing out leaflets to people on the street. Falsely shouting fire would cause panic in a theatre and is wrong. He was only trying to inform t naive public of the perils of war. Science was not intending to cause panic, was only trying to save lives. Science used nonviolent direct action, he did care about laws stopping him from making his message and when he did n troubl e he fought congress. In Chapter 6: Law and Justice, we hear more about the most active person in nonviolent direct action Dry. Martin Luther King Jar. Ho spoke not only about racial injustice but about the evils of war. During the time he was urge not to speak against the war because it may affect Johnnys program of domestic reform but he refused to be silenced. Somehow this madness muff cease. We must stop now. I speak as a child of God and brother to the suffering poor in Vietnam. I speak for those whose land is being laid waste, whose homes are being destroyed, whose culture is being subverted. I speak for the poor of America who are paying the double price of smashed hopes E home and death and corruption in Vietnam. I speak as a citizen of the world that stands aghast at the path we have taken. I speak as an American to the leaders of my own nation. The great initiative in this war is ours. The initiative to stop must be ours. (Passionate Declarations, 131). Kings profound statement is the ultimate example of direct action. He is not threatening anyone in his words and he is still making an effective plea to the American people. This message gave many people initiative to dissent to the war. Over half a million men resisted the draft; there were more protests than any the war, and many individual acts of disobedience. Passionate Declarations is filled with stories about amazing people doing amazing things to stand up for what they believe. After reading this book, I was inspired to use direct action towards what I believe. Im not going to go burn my draft papers or chain myself to a tree but will be more vocal in expressing my beliefs without the fear of other people judging me. Freedom and justice are never going to be attainable if we do not take action. Overall, he message Zion is trying to make with chapter 1 1 is that weapons and fear are not as powerful as our beliefs as a people.